Salmon Ruins is one of the largest outlying colonies built in the Chacoan style during the 11th century. Heritage Park is comprised of reconstructed dwelling and habitation areas. Visitors can investigate replicas of a sweatlodge, hogan, tipi, and pithouse. The museum features ancient artifacts and interesting "new" exhibits.
6131 Hwy. 64, Bloomfield, NM 87413
A visit to Salmon Ruins and Heritage Park, (pronounced sol-mon) is a must for visitors to San Juan County and the Four Corners region. This historical site is open to the public as a self guided trail that winds through the Salmon archaeological site and Heritage Park. This is a unique opportunity to not only walk among structures once occupied by Ancient Puebloans but to also explore the homestead of early pioneers and replica dwellings from a variety of cultures.
Located in Bloomfield, just 10 miles east of Farmington, the Salmon Ruins and Heritage Park facility also features a Museum, Gift Shop, tour guide company Journey Into the Past Tours, the San Juan County Museum Association and the San Juan County Archeological Research Center and Library. So, whether you are looking to expand your knowledge of the Ancestral Puebloans, want to walk in the footsteps of an ancient culture or are simply looking for something to do for an afternoon, Salmon Ruins is one Four Corners attraction that you should not miss!
Visitors will need a maximum of two hours to tour Salmon Ruins, Heritage Park, the Museum and Gift Shop.
April to October
Monday - Sunday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
November to March
Monday - Saturday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Sunday 12:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Closed Thanksgiving, Christmas Day and New Years Day
$4 adult, $3 seniors, $1 ages 6 -16, under 6 free
American Association of Museums members free
Picnic area, museum, gift shop, research library
Journey Into the Past Tours (guided tours of Chaco Canyon, Dinetah, Bisti Badlands) and ongoing archaeological research
Lectures, Summer Solstice Event, New Mexico Heritage Preservation Month (May), Annual Arts and Crafts Fair (December)
The ruins found at Salmon, a large Chacoan Anasazi living complex, date back to the 11th century. Once the largest outlying Chaco Canyon colony, Salmon Ruins was occupied by an estimated 200 to 300 people. The structure stood three stories high and featured a central towering kiva, great kiva and more than 200 rooms. The distinctive style of stonework used is the same as that found at Chaco Canyon (Chaco Culture National Historical Park). The first or Primary Occupation began A.D. 1088 and the Secondary Occupation began after the abandonment of Chaco Canyon and involved major modifications of the original architecture. The remodeled Pueblo became the largest on the San Juan River until it was officially abandoned in the late 13th century.
Salmon is unique in that research at the site continues. In 2008 Salmon Ruins archaeologists discovered a Summer Solstice and Lunar Standstill Observatory. Their findings will be published in 2013. Since the discovery, an annual Summer Solstice event is held with Archaeoastronomy presentations.
Heritage Park features the 1890’s homestead of the Salmon family that protected the ruins for almost a century. In addition to the Salmon Homestead, Heritage Park features a variety of early dwelling replicas from different cultures through time. These dwellings may be entered and experienced providing a fascinating look at the evolution of dwellings and are very popular with children.
The Salmon Ruins Museum exhibits some of the one and a half million artifacts recovered during the excavations conducted in the 1970’s. Temporary exhibits are also on display and changed throughout the year.
The newly remodeled gift shop is a must if shopping for authentic Native American art. The shop carries the arts and crafts from local Native American artisans. The collection features Navajo and Hopi contemporary and traditional art including kachinas, jewelry, pottery, fetishes and authentic Navajo rugs. They also have an extensive collection of books, postcards and t-shirts.